Using nitrogen (N) to grow feeds is a very practical option especially during the colder months. After an extremely dry summer leading to low soil N levels, strategic use of N can grow cost effective feed.

Key points to consider are:

- Focus N applications to paddocks that have a good grassy composition. These      paddocks are usually coming off a long cropping rotation and are being spelled due to weed issues. Look for areas that have a high ryegrass residual stubble.

- Good Rates of N are required to maximise growth. 80-100L of Flexi-N is recommended. You are better off applying higher rates to a smaller area than lower rates to a bigger area. Work done in Esperance last season showed that we grew 14kg DM/kg N using 50L/ha of Flexi-N but by increasing rates to 100L/ha growth rates doubled to 29kg DM/ kg N.

Nitrogen on pasture

Nil – Top Left              880   kg/DM/ha

50L/ha Flexi-N - Top Right = $30/ha: 1180 kg/DM/ha or 300kg more or 14kg DM/kg N

100L/ha Flexi-N – Bottom Left = $60/ha : 2130 kg/DM/ha or 1250kg more or 29kg DM/kg N

200L Flexi-N – Bottom Right = $120/ha : 4060 kg/DM/ha or 3180kg more or 37kg dm/kg N

- Defer grazing for at least 10 -12 days if possible, this allows pasture to give the best response. 

- Timing of N applications can be difficult. Nitrogen needs to be applied prior to the rain and in dry years this can be hard to predict. Using Flexi-N rather than urea can lower the risk of losses through volatilisation. Rather than waiting for rain and germination it may make sense to apply the N earlier than later.
Insect Control

Insect Control

- Insect control especially as the months become colder. Insect numbers of 12 000 mites/m2 is the equivalent to 1 DSE. Consider a residual insecticide pre-rain. Flexi-N can be used as a carrier and do both jobs at once.






Scott Nelson
By Scott Nelson
- Agronomy Lead

Scott was raised in Narrogin on a farm at Nomans Lake. 

After a stint on the family farm, Scott also worked for several local rural and merchandise businesses and his own retail sporting business before joining CSBP in 2010, as an Esperance Area Manager.

Scott’s knowledge and passion for crop nutrition saw him move into the role of Agronomist for the Esperance and Eastern regions, and then to his current role as CSBP Agronomy Lead in 2018. 

Agronomic insights

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